History & Monuments

Hagia Sophia Mosque – History, Facts, Architecture & Mosaics

hagia sophia biography history

Hagia Sophia Mosque – Hagia Sophia, the great Ayasofya Mosque, once was a church. It is located in Istanbul, Turkey. The church has been built in 532. A.D and completed in 537 A.D. by order of Roman emperor Justinian.

Later on, Mehmed, the ottoman emperor has decided to convert the church into a mosque. Then it was given the look of a mosque with four sides, four Minarets, a minbar to speech, a mihrab towards the qibla direction of Kaabah.

In 1931 the Mosque was closed, and after four years, it was reopened, but as a museum in 1935.

hagia sophia biography history

Hagia Sophia Biography History

Hagia Sophia is a perfect synthesis where one observes both Ottoman and Byzantium effects under one dome.

Hagia Sophia is the most viewed museum in Turkey.

The Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofiya) in the mirror of History: (325–2020)

  • 325 → The church has been ordered to be built by Constantine (I).
  • 360 → The son of Constantine (I), Constantius (II), consecrated it.
  • 404 → Damaged by fire,
  • 415 → Rebuilt and enlarged and rededicated by Theodosius (II).
  • 532 → Burned again, but after a short time, its reconstruction started,
  • 537 → The renovation and rebuilding completed*
  • 558 → 
  • 1204 → Roman Catholic Cathedral Church
  • 1261 → Byzantine
  • 1453 → Turkish conquest Mehmed (II) repurposed as Mosque with a wooden minaret, a grand chandelier, a Mihrab, a Minbar,
  • 1500 → Two western minarets were built by Sinan,
  • 1934 → Kamal Ataturk secularized it and
  • 1935 → It was changed into the museum
  • 1985 →  It became a world heritage with the registration of The UNESCO in its list.
  • 2020 → The court has restored religious activities.

*The construction started only a short while after the Nika Revolt. Yellow stones had been brought from Syria, porphyry from Egypt, and Hellenic Columns from the Artemis Temple in Ephesus. More than ten thousand people worked for the construction, and the third church was inaugurated by the emperor on 27 December 537.

Mosque – (1453–1935)

325The church has been ordered to be built by Constantine (I).
1453Turkish conquest Mehmed (II) repurposed as Mosque with a wooden minaret, a grand chandelier, a Mihrab, a Minbar,
1935Kamal Ataturk secularized it and ordered to change it into a museum
1985It became a world heritage with the registration of The UNESCO in its list.
2020 The court has restored religious activities.

On 29 May 1453, Sultan Mehmed attacked with his large force of soldiers, and in only three days, Sultan Mehmed won the Roman Church and collected all of its money.

Mehmed has ordered, and the building was renovated under the guidelines of Salim.  

The engineer’s guidelines the Mosque has a Byzantine architecture structure. They built a Minbar on the right side and two miners on the left side.

On 1 June 1453, the doors were opened for all, and Sultan himself went to the church and attained the first Friday prayers in this Mosque. 

Renovation of 1847

The mosque has been renovated and repaired many times on its outer side. The last renovation of the mosque was planned by Sultan Abdulmcid and it was completed by eight hundred workers.

Museum – (1935–2020)

HAGIA-SOPHIA-2-TRANSPARENT-DRAWING

On 1 February 1935, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the first president of Turkey has changed the Mosque into a museum. The carpet was removed and showed the decoration of the marble floor.

The museum has shown war between Mosque and Church the Turkish government allowed everyone to pray, and one of the rooms was allotted for Muslims to pray and one room for Christian prayers.

Reversion to a mosque – (2018–present)

In March 2019, Erdogan, the current president of Turkey said that he would announce that the museum would be changed into a mosque.

Erdogan has said that the changing of a mosque into Musume, was a massive mistake 

In 2020, turkey’s government has celebrated 567th-anniversary and started the Islamic prayers with surah AL-Fath.

625 meters

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